No, they are not.
Sworn translation concerns how a translation is performed, while legal translation concerns what the document to be translated is about.
A sworn translation (traducción jurada, in Spanish) is the one performed by a sworn translator (traductor jurado) and complies with a series of official requirements including certification. The content of the document to be translated has nothing to do with a translation being sworn or not.
A legal translation concerns translating a document of legal nature, irrespective of how the translation is performed.
Some takeaways from the table above:
- A sworn translation must be performed by a sworn translator, while legal translation can be performed by any translator. Therefore, a sworn translator can do both sworn and legal translation, while non-sworn translators cannot do sworn translations.
- The translation of a legal document is legal translation, irrespective of the translation being sworn or not.
- As sworn translation can be performed on any type of document, a sworn translation will also be a legal translation, when performed on a legal document.
- A legal translation will also be sworn, when done by a sworn translator according to the official sworn translation requirements.
A will to be translated by a sworn translator as part of a cross-border inheritance matter.
A decree to be translated by a sworn translator as part of an international divorce case.
A bachelor’s degree certificate to be translated by a sworn translator to apply for a master’s programme abroad.
A medical certificate to be translated by a sworn translator in order to apply for benefits.
A simple (non-certified) translation of a contract for internal purposes only.
This article is for informational purposes only, does not constitute legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. Any reliance you place on such information is strictly at your own risk. Please ensure that any information available through this website meets your requirements. ICR Translations will not be liable for any loss or damage arising from loss of data or profits as a result of, or in connection with, the use of this website.
IRENE CORCHADO RESMELLA is a Spanish translator based in Edinburgh. A Chartered Linguist and member of the CIOL, she is also an English-Spanish sworn translator appointed by the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Irene specialises in sworn and legal translation (particularly in wills and succession) and is an Affiliate member of STEP. ICR Translations is registered with the Information Commissioner's Office and has professional indemnity insurance.